Canada's Electric Vehicle and Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Development Initiative

With Canadian roads and highways being dominated by high-polluting gasoline and diesel engines, transportation accounts for 1/4 of Canada's carbon pollution. As part of a Natural Resources Canada program called the "Electric Vehicle and Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Deployment Initiative ("EVAFIDI"), the Trudeau government has funded a nationwide rollout of 102 electric vehicle (EV) chargers. The program in question was the federal government response to fulfilling a commitment to put more "zero-emission" vehicles on Canadian roads and highways. 

According to the US Department of Energy, compressed natural gas as compared to gasoline emits six (6) to eleven (11) percent (%) lower levels of carbon pollution over its life cycle. Replacing gasoline and diesel intensive vehicles with compressed natural gas vehicles could significantly (up to 25%) help towards lowering green house gas emissions, which is where the "Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Deployment Initiative" portion of the federal government's program comes into play. The EVAFIDI program also funded the installation of seven (7) natural gas refueling stations and three (3) hydrogen refueling stations, at an approximate cost of $1 million each as compared to the less expensive $50,000 EV chargers. 

In total 44.9% or, $6,502,000 was invested into natural gas refueling, as compared to 55.1% or, $7,967,000 for EV charging and hydrogen refueling. In light of these figures, electric vehicle proponents opine that too many resources have been divested away from electrification of Canada's roads and highways towards transportation options that will inevitably produce tailpipe emissions. Advocates of the Electric Vehicle Council of Ottawa, for instance, believe that the bulk of the money should have been expanded on developing an extensive EV charging network throughout Canada. Conversely, some authoritative sources affirm that using natural gas will reduce other forms of critical emissions, such as "black carbon", which has a powerful global warming potential.